Myanmar Updates: The junta took over last year after the democratically elected government of Aung Sung Suu Kyi fell. According to the military, future elections will be held in a “free and fair” way. On the other hand, it declared on Monday that more time was required to stabilise the country. It has considerable power to compel compliance with the emergency regulation. The military’s intentions to hold multi-party elections or transfer power to a chosen administration are questioned by a large portion of the population in Myanmar. The General Min Aung Hlaing administration first proclaimed a state of emergency in August of last year. He also proclaimed himself prime minister while acting within the order’s authority.
A combination of proportional representation and first-past-the-post voting, which allowed Ms. Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) to easily win the 2020 election, was another suggestion he made. He claimed that the dominance of “powerful parties” had muted other political viewpoints.
The army, commonly known as the Tatmadaw, conducted the coup after claiming there had been rampant voter fraud in the 2020 election, in which the NLD garnered more than 83 percent of the vote. International observers reported that the voting was largely free and fair. The army detained Ms. Suu Kyi and other ministers from her party. Millions of people peacefully protested in the streets, calling on the military to cede power. The military responded by using live fire, rubber bullets, and water cannons. An advocacy group for political prisoners called Assistance Association of Political Prisoners (AAPP) asserts that security officers have killed more over 2,100 people. The military is also responsible for locking up thousands of opponents in politics and public society. Last week, the junta executed four pro-democracy activists, which was a first for the country in a long time. Among them were well-known democratic supporters Ko Jimmy and ex-lawmaker and rapper Phyo Zeya Thaw.
The military government is fiercely opposed outside of the country’s capital, Naypyidaw, and the People’s Defence Force is a real guerrilla front (PDF). Gen. Min Aung Hlaing also extended an invitation to a second round of negotiations to the heads of Myanmar’s ethnic rebel armies, which have been engaged in a protracted conflict with the state and each other. Several rebel organisations participated in a first round of negotiations in May, while others who fight with the PDF were absent.
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